This tutorial is designed to help students in the health professions choose and locate research to answer clinical questions.
Your question focus will determine what types of evidence are best. The table below outlines the possible question types and the suggested research design.
For advantages and disadvantages of each study type, see the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine page.
Source: Ackley, B. J., Swan, B. A., Ladwig, G., & Tucker, S. (2008). Evidence-based nursing care guidelines: Medical-surgical interventions. (p. 7). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.
Different Types of Studies
This video summarized each of the research study types and how to identify what type of study an article describes.
Finding EBP Research in the Library
This pyramid provides a basic list of where you can find the different types of evidence in the library. Tools labeled (Web) are free web-based tools which provide helpful search features. Return to Primo to locate the full-text of items from these websites.
Source: Sackett DL, Straus SE, Richardson WS, et al. Evidence-based medicine: how to practice and teach EBM.
CINAHL Complete (Evidence Based Care Sheets from top menu)
The Cochrane Library (Select Database of Systematic Reviews)
Clinical Key (Select “Clinical Overviews” from the drop down menu)
Pubmed Clinical Queries (Also: MEDLINE Complete Advanced Search)
Rehabilitation Reference Center (Practice Resources Tab –> Practice Guidelines)
MEDLINE Complete (Select “Practice Guidelines” Publication type)
National Guideline Clearinghouse Government-Based Evidence Based Reports (Web)
PEDro (Physiotherapy only; not full text)
SUMSearch (not full text, Searches PUBMED)
Wisconsin Department of Health Services Treatment Intervention Advisory Committee
evidence on effectiveness of treatments for autism & developmental disabilities
Not Appraised Original Studies
CINAHL Complete (check Evidence Based Practice box)
MEDLINE Complete (Clinical Queries drop down)
PubMed (publication type filter)
ProQuest Health (Evidence based Healthcare document type)
Rehabilitation Reference Center (Clinical Reviews document type)
These videos demonstrate how to find evidence based practice resources in two databases. Both of these databases offer both appraised and appraised research.
Add these terms to your search using AND
MeSH Terms (MEDLINE Complete):
- evidence-based practice
- evidence-based medicine
- evidence-based nursing
MeSH Publication type/Subject terms:
- Case-control studies
- Cohort studies
- case reports
- cross-sectional studies
- Practice Guideline
Ebsco Subject Terms (CINAHL Complete)
- Physical Therapy Practice, Evidence-Based
- Occupational Therapy Practice, Evidence-Based
- Nursing Practice, Evidence-Based
- Medical Practice, Evidence-Based
Publication type/Subject terms:
- Systematic Review
- Meta analysis
- Evidence-based care sheet (CINAHL Complete)
- Practice Guideline/s
- Randomized Control Trial
- Multicenter Study (Cochrane)
Journals publishing EBP Articles
1. Search for the Journal Title in Primo:
- Annals of Internal Medicine (The ACP Journal Club)
- Journal of Evidence Based Medicine
- Clinical Nursing Research
- Evidence Based Nursing (Online)
- BMJ Evidence
- Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine
- Evidence-based Mental Health
- Journal of Family Practice
- Journal of Evidence-based Social Work
- Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing
2. Search within the Journal using the search box inside the journal’s page: